THEMIS/ARTEMIS mission and Angelopoulos research featured in Geophysical Research Letters

Posted on May 1, 2012

The editor highlights work by by V. Sergeev, V. Angelopoulos and R. Nakamura on substorm research: Substorms, the frequent, brief magnetic disturbances that originate in Earth's magnetotail, cause acceleration of particles in the magnetosphere and their precipitation into the ionosphere, resulting in sudden brightening and increased movement and expansion of auroras. Sergeev et al. (2012) review recent progress that has been made in understanding the onset and dynamics of substorms. In particular, recent observations have confirmed that magnetic reconnection—the breaking up and rejoining of magnetic field lines and release of energy—in the Earth's magnetotail, which sends fast plasma streams into the inner magnetosphere, is closely associated with substorm onset. Large-scale reconfiguration of the magnetic fields in the magnetotail and local instabilities interact in complex ways, leading to onset of substorms. Although scientists do not yet have a complete understanding of substorms, the authors note that the combination of observations from a variety of operational satellites and planned missions, along with improved modeling capabilities, is likely to help scientists answer some of the open questions about substorm dynamics.